Meat processing refers to the cooked meat products or semi-finished products made of livestock and poultry meat as the main raw materials and seasoned, called meat products, such as sausages, ham, bacon, marinated meat, barbecue meat, etc. That is to say, all meat products using livestock and poultry meat as the main raw material and adding seasonings are called meat products, including: sausage, ham, bacon, marinated meat, barbecue, etc. Meat, jerky, dried meat, meatballs, prepared meat skewers, meat patties, cured bacon, crystal meat, etc.
There are many kinds of meat products, and there are more than 1,500 kinds of sausage products in Germany; a fermented sausage manufacturer in Switzerland produces more than 500 kinds of salami sausages; in my country, there are more than 500 kinds of famous, special and excellent meat products, and New products are still emerging. According to the characteristics of the final meat products in my country and the processing technology of the products, meat products can be divided into 10 categories.
Judging from the situation of my country's meat processing industry: in 2019, my country's pig industry was affected by African swine fever and the pork production declined, and the meat product industry also declined. Data show that in 2019, my country's meat production was about 15.8 million tons. Entering 2020, my country's pig production capacity recovery progress is better than expected, the pork market supply is gradually increasing, and the tight supply situation is expected to be further eased. In terms of demand, the resumption of work and production is progressing in an orderly manner, and the demand for pork consumption is fully released. With the stable supply and demand in the market, pork prices have stabilized. In 2020, the output of meat products in my country should increase, but due to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in the first half of the year, the output of meat products this year may be the same as last year.
From the perspective of market size, the market size of my country's meat products industry has shown a steady trend in recent years. In 2019, the market size of the meat products industry is about 1.9003 trillion yuan. It is predicted that the market size of various meat products in my country will exceed 200 million tons in 2020.
Future development prospects of the meat processing industry
1. Low-temperature meat products will be more favored by consumers
Low-temperature meat products are characterized by freshness, tenderness, softness, deliciousness and good flavor, and advanced processing technology, which is obviously superior to high-temperature meat products in quality. With the improvement of people's living standards and the strengthening of the concept of healthy diet, low-temperature meat products will occupy a dominant position in the meat product market. In recent years, low-temperature meat products have gradually been favored by more and more consumers, and have developed into a hot spot for meat product consumption. It can be seen that in the future, low-temperature meat products will be more favored by consumers.
2. Actively develop health-care meat products
With the rapid development of my country's economy and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, people pay more and more attention to diet and health, especially for health food with both function and quality. Fat, low-calorie, low-sugar and high-protein meat products have broad prospects for development. The development and application of health-care meat products, such as: women's health-care type, children's growth puzzle type, middle-aged and elderly health-care type and other meat products, will be widely favored by people. Therefore, it is also the current meat processing industry in my country. another development trend.
3. The cold chain logistics system of meat products has been continuously improved
The meat industry is inseparable from logistics. In recent years, my country has encouraged livestock and poultry breeding, slaughtering and processing enterprises to implement the model of "scale breeding, centralized slaughtering, cold chain transportation, and cold fresh processing" to improve the nearby slaughtering and processing capabilities of livestock and poultry and ensure the quality of meat products. Build a cold chain logistics system for livestock and poultry products, reduce the long-distance movement of livestock and poultry, reduce the risk of animal disease transmission, and maintain the production safety of the breeding industry and the quality and safety of livestock and poultry products. In the future, with the advancement of technology, the cold chain logistics distribution system will be more perfect.
4. The scale and modernization level are gradually improved
At present, most of the foreign food industries have formed a complete industrial system with a high level of scale and modernization. However, the production of meat products industry in my country is too scattered, the unit scale is small, and the production method is relatively backward. Among them, the meat processing industry is mostly workshop-style small-batch production, and the number of large-scale processing enterprises is small, and most of them are mainly slaughtering and processing. There are few enterprises that carry out intensive processing and comprehensive utilization of by-products. Therefore, increase government support and establish a complete industrial chain centered on the meat processing industry, covering breeding, slaughtering and deep processing, refrigerated storage and transportation, wholesale and distribution, product retail, equipment manufacturing, and related higher education and scientific research. The scale and modernization level of the meat industry is conducive to further promoting the rapid development of the meat industry and shortening the gap with foreign developed countries.
Post time: May-16-2022